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"After Illinois was admitted as a state in 1818, counties were laid out with more or less indefinite boundaries as this country had not as yet been surveyed. Pope and Gallatin counties had been organized but no definite boundary lines between the two had been fixed when the state legislature passed a bill on March 2, 1839, cutting off a portion of the eastern part of Pope County and called it Hardin County. This new county was in a form of a triangle — the Ohio river forming one side, Grand Pierre Creek one side, and a line, running in a northwesterly direction from a point on the Ohio river near Cave-in- Rock to the southwest corner of township 10, south range 8 east touching the southern boundary of the then Gallatin County near the head of Grand Pierre Creek, formed the other side.
"By an act of legislature approved January 8, 1840, the western boundary was changed eastward to its present location and on February 20, 1847, territory was taken from Gallatin County, added to that already taken from Pope — giving Hardin County its present boundaries. Har- din County is in the southeast portion of the state of Illi- nois, is the second smallest county of the state and lies wholly within the Ozark territory — its northern boundary separating it from Gallatin and Saline runs almost exactly along the crest of the mountain range.
"Note: The Shawnee Indians, a kindred tribe of the Tamaroas, actually lived in this county at the arrival of the white settlers."
Extracted from History of Hardin County, Illinois, written 1939, by the Historical Committee for the Centennial